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Effects of development on indigenous dietary pattern: A Nigerian case study

Ezeomah, B. and Farag, K.W. (2016) Effects of development on indigenous dietary pattern: A Nigerian case study. Appetite, 107. pp. 59-68.

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Karim Farag Effects of development on indigenous upload 18 July 2016.pdf - Accepted Version

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Official URL: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2016.07.025

Abstract

The traditional foods of indigenous people in Nigeria are known for their cultural symbolism and agricultural biodiversity which contributes to their daily healthy and rich diet. In the early 90s, rapid development of the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) was noted and the resettlement of indigenes to other parts of the region was reported. These changes have facilitated the modification of indigenous diets, as indigenous groups rapidly embraced modern foods and also adopted the food culture of migrant ethnic groups. This has led to a gradual erosion of indigenous diets and traditional food systems in the FCT. This study explored the impact of development on traditional food systems and determined indigenes perception of the modification to their food culture as a result of the development of their land within the FCT. Field survey was carried out in four indigenous communities in the FCT (30 indigenes from each of the four areas) using structured questionnaires, Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) and key informant interviews. Person Chi Square analysis of indigenes socio-economic characteristics revealed significant relationships between gender of indigenes and farm size, Age and farm size, Educational level and farm/herd size. Qualitative analysis of FGDs revealed indigenes opinion on the socio-cultural changes in behaviour and food systems as a result of development. The study also identified indigenous youths as being most influenced by development especially through education, white collar jobs and social interactions with migrant ethnic groups in the FCT. The study recommended that indigenes should be provided with more secure land tenure and “back-to-farm” initiatives should be put in place by the Nigerian government to encourage indigenous youth to engaged more in agriculture.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Traditional food, Diet, Indigenous groups, Culture, Development, Nigeria, FCT
Divisions: Food Science and Agri-food Supply Chain Management
Depositing User: Ms Kath Osborn
Date Deposited: 24 Aug 2016 10:47
Last Modified: 23 Jan 2018 12:35
URI: http://hau.collections.crest.ac.uk/id/eprint/10160

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