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Rising CO2 from historical concentrations enhances the physiological performance of Brassica napus seedlings under optimal water supply but not under reduced water availability

Faralli, M., Grove, I.G., Hare, M.C., Kettlewell, P.S. and Fiorani, F. (2016) Rising CO2 from historical concentrations enhances the physiological performance of Brassica napus seedlings under optimal water supply but not under reduced water availability. Plant, Cell & Environment, 40 (2). pp. 317-325.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1111/pce.12868

Abstract

The productivity of many important crops is significantly threatened by water shortage, and the elevated atmospheric CO2 can significantly interact with physiological processes and crop responses to drought. We examined the effects of three different CO2 concentrations (historical ~300 ppm, ambient ~400 ppm and elevated ~700 ppm) on physiological traits of oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) seedlings subjected to well-watered and reduced water availability. Our data show (1) that, as expected, increasing CO2 level positively modulates leaf photosynthetic traits, leaf water-use efficiency and growth under non-stressed conditions, although a pronounced acclimation of photosynthesis to elevated CO2 occurred; (2) that the predicted elevated CO2 concentration does not reduce total evapotranspiration under drought when compared with present (400 ppm) and historical (300 ppm) concentrations because of a larger leaf area that does not buffer transpiration; and (3) that accordingly, the physiological traits analysed decreased similarly under stress for all CO2 concentrations. Our data support the hypothesis that increasing CO2 concentrations may not significantly counteract the negative effect of increasing drought intensity on Brassica napus performance.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Canola, climate change, elevated CO2, evapotranspiration, leaf area, photosynthesis, shoot biomass, stomatal conductance
Divisions: Crop and Environment Sciences
Depositing User: Ms Kath Osborn
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2017 16:40
Last Modified: 31 Aug 2018 12:16
URI: http://hau.collections.crest.ac.uk/id/eprint/15448

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