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A comparison between marine and terrestrial invertebrate meals for mirror carp (Cyprinus carpio ) diets: Impact on growth, haematology and health

Wan, A.H.L., Snellgrove, D.L. and Davies, S.J (2017) A comparison between marine and terrestrial invertebrate meals for mirror carp (Cyprinus carpio ) diets: Impact on growth, haematology and health. Aquaculture Research.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1111/are.13318

Abstract

Invertebrate meals (e.g. polychaetes and insects) present novel and sustainable high-quality nutrient sources for use in fish feed formulations. To test this innovative source, an eleven-week feeding trial was conducted evaluating the effects of replacing the fishmeal (FM) component as an example of a superior protein source (FM CTRL) with ragworm meal (RW, Nereis virens) and/or silkworm pupae (SWP, Bombyx mori) in mirror carp (Cyprinus carpio) diets. Three experimental diets with partial replacement of FM (diets: RW + FM, SWP + FM and RW + SWP + FM) were formulated. All diets were formulated to be iso-nitrogenous, iso-lipidic and iso-energetic. Growth performance and feed utilization indices were assessed, and the feeding trial concluded with the analysis of haematological parameters to provide an indication of carp physiological and health status. Mean weight gain was greatest in mirror carp fed RW + FM (60.83 fish−1 day−1; P < 0.05 vs. all other diets) followed by SWP + FM (40.62 g fish−1 day−1; P < 0.05 vs. all other diets). The least weight gain was achieved in fish fed FM + SWP + RW+ and FM CTRL (34.34 and 33.96 g fish−1 day−1, respectively; not significantly different from each other). Fish fed on RW + FM diet had significantly lower plasma ammonia concentrations than any other dietary groups (P = 0.04). Mirror carp fed on SWP + FM diet (111.52 units mL−1) were observed to have a marked enhancement in alternative complement activity than FM CTRL (79.21 units mL−1, P = 0.041). Both ragworm and silkworm pupae meal present attractive sustainable functional feed component in carp diets, with benefits on enhancing growth performance and specific physiological parameters.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Animal Production, Welfare and Veterinary Sciences
Depositing User: Ms Kath Osborn
Date Deposited: 04 May 2017 20:24
Last Modified: 02 Jan 2019 16:35
URI: http://hau.collections.crest.ac.uk/id/eprint/15638

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