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Industrial wastes applications for alkalinity regulation in bauxite residue: a comprehensive review

Xue, S., Wu, Y., Li, Y., Kong, X., Zhu, F., Hartley, W., Li, X. and Ye, Y. (2019) Industrial wastes applications for alkalinity regulation in bauxite residue: a comprehensive review. Journal of Central South University, 26 (2). pp. 268-288.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11771-019-4000-3

Abstract

Bauxite residue is a highly alkaline material generated from the production of alumina in which bauxite is dissolved in caustic soda. Approximately 4.4 billion tons of bauxite residues are either stockpiled or landfilled, creating environmental risks either from the generation of dust or migration of filtrates. High alkalinity is the critical factor restricting complete utilization of bauxite residues, whilst the application of alkaline regulation agents is costly and difficult to apply widely. For now, current industrial wastes, such as waste acid, ammonia nitrogen wastewater, waste gypsum and biomass, have become major problems restricting the development of the social economy. Regulation of bauxite residues alkalinity by industrial waste was proposed to achieve ‘waste control by waste’ with good economic and ecological benefits. This review will focus on the origin and transformation of alkalinity in bauxite residues using typical industrial waste. It will propose key research directions with an emphasis on alkaline regulation by industrial waste, whilst also providing a scientific reference point for their potential use as amendments to enhance soil formation and establish vegetation on bauxite residue disposal areas (BRDAs) following large-scale disposal.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: bauxite residue, alkalinity transformation, alkalinity regulation, industrial waste, soil formation in bauxite residue
Divisions: Crop and Environment Sciences
Depositing User: Ms Kath Osborn
Date Deposited: 25 Apr 2019 15:45
Last Modified: 25 Apr 2019 15:45
URI: http://hau.collections.crest.ac.uk/id/eprint/17400

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