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Dietary nucleotides enhance growth performance, feed efficiency and intestinal functional topography in European Seabass ( Dicentrarchus labrax )

Bowyer, P.H., El‐Haroun, E.R., Hassaan, M., Salim, H. and Davies, S.J. (2019) Dietary nucleotides enhance growth performance, feed efficiency and intestinal functional topography in European Seabass ( Dicentrarchus labrax ). Aquaculture Research.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1111/are.14078

Abstract

Nucleotides, nucleosides and nucleic acids (NU) have many critical functions in supporting life and increasing evidence suggests that exogenous supply can benefit the health of mammals and fish. For these reasons, a 6‐week feeding trial was conducted on juvenile European seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax) with diets containing 0%, 0.15% and 0.3% inclusion of a NU mixture (Laltide®) derived from the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. At the end of the study no significant differences were found in fish performance, although a tendency towards better performance was indicated in fish fed the Nu0.3 diet. In relation to histological assessment, a significantly greater perimeter ratio; internal to outer (IP/OP) was observed in the posterior intestine of fish fed supplemental NU. Microvilli heights in the posterior intestine were also shown to be significantly promoted in fish fed NU diets (p < 0.05). Goblet cell abundance was shown to be unaffected by the inclusion of NU in the diet (p > 0.05). Overall, this study indicates that orally administered NU may be effective promoters of gut functional topography with marginal associated improvements to fish performance. Nonetheless, longer exposure and/or commercial scale application, and in diets that were challenging in use of high inclusion levels of plant by‐products would potentially amplify improvements in production characteristics, in turn benefiting fish culturists.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: aquaculture, intestine, microvilli, morphology, nucleosides, nucleotides
Divisions: Animal Production, Welfare and Veterinary Sciences
Depositing User: Ms Kath Osborn
Date Deposited: 04 Jun 2019 15:17
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2019 15:17
URI: http://hau.collections.crest.ac.uk/id/eprint/17411

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