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Leaching optimization and dissolution behavior of alkaline anions in bauxite residue

Li, X., Ye, Y., Xue, S., Jiang, J., Wu, C., Kong, X., Hartley, W. and LI, Y. (2018) Leaching optimization and dissolution behavior of alkaline anions in bauxite residue. Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China, 28 (6). pp. 1248-1255.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/S1003-6326(18)64763-6

Abstract

Bauxite residue is a highly alkaline waste containing soluble alkaline anions, which can cause environmental concerns. The optimal leaching conditions, distribution of alkaline anions, types of pivotal alkaline anions and their dissolution behaviors were investigated based on the combination of single factors-orthogonal experiments and leaching stage experiment. Using a two-stage leaching, 86% of the soluble alkaline anions were leached with a L/S ratio of 2 mL/g, at 30 °C, over 23 h. During the first stage of leaching, approximately 88% of alkaline anions were leached from the dissolution of free alkali (NaOH, carbonate, bicarbonate, NaAl(OH)4) with the rest originating from the dissolution of alkaline minerals (calcite, cancrinite and hydrogarnet). Supernatant alkalinity was 69.78 mmol/L with accounting for 75%. Furthermore, carbonate leaching was controlled by solid film diffusion using the Stumm Model with an apparent activation energy of 10.24 kJ/mol.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: bauxite residue, alkaline anions, carbonate, leaching optimization, dissolution behavior
Divisions: Crop and Environment Sciences
Depositing User: Ms Kath Osborn
Date Deposited: 08 Jul 2019 12:46
Last Modified: 08 Jul 2019 12:46
URI: http://hau.collections.crest.ac.uk/id/eprint/17422

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